malaria

[18] The original English term for an ‘attack of malarial fever’ was ague. The word malaria did not come on the scene until the mid- 18th century. It was borrowed from Italian mal’aria, a conflation of mala aria, literally ‘bad air’. This was an allusion to the former belief that malaria was caused by foul air, and particularly by vapours given off by swamps. => AIR, MALIGN
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   The disease is caused by the bite of an infected mosquito. It was previously thought, however, that it was caused by the gases given off from marshes. Hence the origin of the word in Italian mal'aria, a shortened form of mala aria, 'bad air.'

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malaria — Malaria …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Malaria — Classification and external resources Ring forms and gametocytes of Plasmodium falciparum in human blood. ICD 10 B …   Wikipedia

  • Malaria — Trofozoítos (formas anulares) y gametocitos de Plasmodium falciparum en sangre humana. Clasificación y recursos externos …   Wikipedia Español

  • malaria — [ malarja ] n. f. • 1821; mot it., littéralt « mauvais (mala) air (aria) » ♦ Paludisme. ● malaria nom féminin Synonyme de paludisme. malaria n. f. Paludisme. ⇒MALARIA, subst. fém. A. Vieilli. Émanations provenant des marécages, qu on croyait être …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Malaria — Sf (eine Infektionskrankheit) erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus it. malaria, einer Zusammenrückung aus it. male schlecht und it. aria Luft , also schlechte Luft , neben it. mala d aria Luftkrankheit . So bezeichnet nach der bis ins 19 …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Malarĭa — (v. ital. mala aria, »schlechte Luft«, ital. Aria cattiva, Sumpfmiasma, Sumpfluft, Wechselfieber), eine in sumpfigen Gegenden namentlich warmer und tropischer Länder häufige Krankheit, die früher auf schlechte, in die Luft übergehende… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Malaria — skyldes malariaparasitten, Plasmodium, som er en lille encellet organisme, der lever som parasit i mennesker og i en bestemt myggeart ved navn Anopheles. Der findes fire typer malariaparasitter. Man regner med, at der er mellem 300 500 millioner… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • malaria — ma*la ri*a, n. [It., contr. fr. malaaria bad air. See {Malice}, and Air.] 1. Air infected with some noxious substance capable of engendering disease; esp., an unhealthy exhalation from certain soils, as marshy or wet lands, producing fevers;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • malaria — f. parasit. Paludismo. Medical Dictionary. 2011 …   Diccionario médico

  • Malaria — (f), Sumpffieber (n) eng malaria …   Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz Glossar

  • malária — s. f. Doença infecciosa causada por parasitas do sangue do gênero Plasmodium, transmitida ao homem pelo mosquito anófele, que se manifesta geralmente por sezões. = IMPALUDISMO, PALUDISMO, SEZONISMO   ‣ Etimologia: italiano malaria …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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